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Rabbit Anti-PKM2 antibody (bs-0101R)
~~~促销,代码SQ220725~~~
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说明书: 50ul  100ul  200ul
50ul/1098.00元
100ul/1880.00元
200ul/2900.00元
大包装/询价

产品编号 bs-0101R
英文名称 PKM2
中文名称 丙酮酸激酶-M2抗体
别    名 PK 1; PK 2; PK 3; PK Muscle type; PK1; PK2; Pk3; PKL; PKLR; PKM 2; PKM; PYKM; Pyruvate kinase 1; Pyruvate kinase 2/3; Pyruvate kinase 3; Pyruvate kinase isozyme R/L; Pyruvate kinase isozymes M1/M2; Pyruvate kinase liver and blood cell; Pyruvate kinase liver and RBC; Pyruvate kinase liver and RBC type; Pyruvate kinase M2; Pyruvate kinase muscle; Pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme; Pyruvate kinase type L; R type/L type pyruvate kinase; Red cell/liver pyruvate kinase; RPK; TCB; THBP 1; THBP1; Thyroid hormone binding protein cytosolic; CTHBP; Cytosolic thyroid hormone binding protein; MGC3932; OIP 3; Oip3; Tumor M2-PK; p58; OIP-3; KPYM_HUMAN.  
Specific References  (4)     |     bs-0101R has been referenced in 4 publications.
[IF=3.15] Li, Hongyan, et al. "Differential proteome and gene expression reveal response to carbon ion irradiation in pubertal mice testes." Toxicology Letters (2014).  WB ;  Mouse.  
[IF=4.129] Jiang, Bin. et al. Role of Proximal Intestinal Glucose Sensing and Metabolism in the Blood Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetic Rats After Duodenal Jejunal Bypass Surgery. Obes Surg. 2022 Jan;:1-11  WB ;  Rat.  
[IF=3.064] Zhao, Ying. et al. Apigenin increases radiosensitivity of glioma stem cells by attenuating HIF-1α-mediated glycolysis. Med Oncol. 2021 Nov;38(11):1-10  WB ;  human.  
[IF=7.25] Yao, Chun, et al. "Role of FADD Phosphorylation in Regulating Glucose Homeostasis: from Proteomic Discovery to Physiological Validation." Molecular & Cellular Proteomics (2013).  WB ;  Mouse.  
研究领域 肿瘤  免疫学  染色质和核信号  信号转导  细胞周期蛋白  激酶和磷酸酶  肿瘤细胞生物标志物  新陈代谢  
抗体来源 Rabbit
克隆类型 Polyclonal
交叉反应 Human, Mouse, Rat,  (predicted: Pig, Cow, Horse, Rabbit, )
产品应用 WB=1:500-2000 ELISA=1:5000-10000 IHC-P=1:100-500 IHC-F=1:100-500 Flow-Cyt=1ug/Test ICC=1:100 IF=1:100-500 (石蜡切片需做抗原修复)
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
理论分子量 57kDa
细胞定位 细胞核 细胞浆 
性    状 Liquid
浓    度 1mg/ml
免 疫 原 KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human PKM2: 255-350/531 
亚    型 IgG
纯化方法 affinity purified by Protein A
缓 冲 液 0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.
保存条件 Shipped at 4℃. Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
注意事项 This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.
PubMed PubMed
产品介绍 The protein encoded by this gene is a pyruvate kinase that catalyzes the production of phosphoenolpyruvate from pyruvate and ATP. This protein has been shown to interact with thyroid hormone, and thus may mediate cellular metabolic effects induced by thyroid hormones. This protein has been found to bind Opa protein, a bacterial outer membrane protein involved in gonococcal adherence to and invasion of human cells, suggesting a role of this protein in bacterial pathogenesis. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding two distinct isoforms have been reported.

Function:
Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio betwween the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.

Subunit:
Monomer and homotetramer. Exists as a monomer in the absence of FBP, and reversibly associates to form a homotetramer in the presence of FBP. The monomeric form binds T3. Tetramer formation induces pyruvate kinase activity. The tetrameric form has high affinity for the substrate and is associated within the glycolytic enzyme complex. Exists in a nearly inactive dimeric form in tumor cells and the dimeric form has less affinity for the substrate. Binding to certain oncoproteins such as HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein can trigger dimerization. FBP stimulates the formation of tetramers from dimers. Interacts with HERC1, POU5F1 and PML. Interacts (isoform M2) with EGLN3; the interaction hydroxylates PKM under hypoxia and enhances binding to HIF1A. Interacts (isoform M2) with HIF1A; the interaction is enhanced by binding of EGLN3, promoting enhanced transcription activity under hypoxia.

Subcellular Location:
Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Translocates to the nucleus in response to different apoptotic stimuli. Nuclear translocation is sufficient to induce cell death that is caspase independent, isoform-specific and independent of its enzymatic actvity.

Tissue Specificity:
Specifically expressed in proliferating cells, such as embryonic stem cells, embryonic carcinoma cells, as well as cancer cells.

Post-translational modifications:
Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR.
ISGylated.
Under hypoxia, hydroxylated by EGLN3.

Similarity:
Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.

SWISS:
P14618

Gene ID:
5315

Database links:

Entrez Gene: 5315 Human

Entrez Gene: 18746 Mouse

Entrez Gene: 25630 Rat

Omim: 179050 Human

SwissProt: P14618 Human

SwissProt: P52480 Mouse

SwissProt: P11980 Rat

Unigene: 534770 Human

Unigene: 326167 Mouse

Unigene: 405069 Mouse

Unigene: 1556 Rat



丙酮酸激酶(PK)有L、R、M1、M2四种同功酶,均为四聚体。
L型主要分布于肝脏,R型存在于红细胞,在结构、免疫学和动力学上十分相似,由同一基因调控;M1存在于肌肉中,M2分布于除上述以外的其他组织(尤以肾脏最多)以及胎儿各组织。PK也是一种癌胚蛋白,在恶性肿瘤中,增高的都是M2型。

产品图片
Sample:Heart(Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti- PKM2 (bs-0101R)at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 57kD
Observed band size: 54kD
Sample:Brain (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti- PKM2 (bs-0101R)at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 57kD
Observed band size: 54kD
Sample:Muscle (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti- PKM2 (bs-0101R)at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 57kD
Observed band size: 55kD
Sample:
Lane 1: Testis (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
Lane 2: Prostate (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
Lane 3: Kidney (Rat) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti-PKM2 (bs-0101R) at 1/1000 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 60 kD
Observed band size: 61 kD
Tissue/cell: human lung cancer tissue; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-PKM2 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-0101R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
Tissue/cell: human rectal carcinoma;4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-PKM2 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-0101R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C; The secondary antibody was Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, FITC conjugated(bs-0295G-FITC)used at 1:200 dilution for 40 minutes at 37°C.
Blank control:A549.
Primary Antibody (green line): Rabbit Anti-PKM2 antibody (bs-0101R)
Dilution: 1μg /10^6 cells;
Isotype Control Antibody (orange line): Rabbit IgG .
Secondary Antibody : Goat anti-rabbit IgG-AF488
Dilution: 1μg /test.
Protocol
The cells were fixed with 4% PFA (10min at room temperature)and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBST for 20 min at room temperature. The cells were then incubated in 5%BSA to block non-specific protein-protein interactions for 30 min at room temperature .Cells stained with Primary Antibody for 30 min at room temperature. The secondary antibody used for 40 min at room temperature. Acquisition of 20,000 events was performed.
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